Introduction to Criminology: W. A. Bonger
South Korean sportspeople Introduction:Chi Bin Lim, Su Hwan Lee, Park Joo-bong, Lee Jin-a, Choi Mu Bae, Sang Soo Lee, Kim Yun-ja, Sun Young Yoo, Chung Myung-hee, Ryu Seung-Min, Huh Yong-Mo, Park Sung-Joon, Kim Young, Kim Jung-Joo, Hwang Sun-ai, Hee-Won Han, Oh Kwang-Soo
South Korean Olympic medalist Introduction:Ko Gi-Hyun, Park Joo-bong, Kim Min-Soo, Ryu Seung-Min, Kim Jung-Joo, Kim Dong-Sung, Park Seung-Hi, Lim Chang-Yong, Shin Joon-Sup, Jung Bu-Kyung, Kim Kyung-Ah, Choi Eun-Kyung, Jin Sun-Yu, Jung Soo-Keun, Kim Yoon-Mi, Jo Seok-Hwan
This book provides a comprehensive overview on emergent bursty patterns in the dynamics of human behaviour. It presents common and alternative understanding of the investigated phenomena, and points out open questions worthy of further investigations. The book is structured as follows. In the introduction the authors discuss the motivation of the field, describe bursty phenomena in case of human behaviour, and relate it to other disciplines. The second chapter addresses the measures commonly used to characterise heterogeneous signals, bursty human dynamics, temporal paths, and correlated behaviour. These definitions are first introduced to set the basis for the discussion of the third chapter about the observations of bursty human patterns in the dynamics of individuals, dyadic interactions, and collective behaviour. The subsequent fourth chapter discusses the models of bursty human dynamics. Various mechanisms have been proposed about the source of the heterogeneities in human dynamics, which leads to the introduction of conceptually different modelling approaches. The authors address all of these perspectives objectively, highlight their strengths and shortcomings, and mention possible extensions to them. The fifth chapter addresses the effect of individual heterogeneous behaviour on collective dynamics. This question in particular has been investigated in various systems including spreading phenomena, random walks, and opinion formation dynamics. Here the main issues are whether burstiness speeds up or slows down the co-evolving processes, and how burstiness modifies time-dependent paths in the system that determine the spreading patterns of any kind of information or influence. Finally in the sixth chapter the authors end the review with a discussion and future perspectives. It is an ideal book for researchers and students who wish to enter the field of bursty human dynamics or want to expand their knowledge on such phenomena. Márton Karsai is an Assistant Professor with INRIA research chair in Computer Science at the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (France), member of IXXI Complex System Institute and the Laboratoire de lInformatique du Parallélisme. He left the Béla Bartók Conservatory in Budapest (Hungary) in 2000 and received his MSc degree in 2005 in Computational Physics at the University of Szeged (Hungary). He obtained co-supervised PhD degrees in 2009 from the University of Szeged and CNRS - Université Joseph Fourier (France). He has been a postdoctoral fellow at Aalto University (Finland) and Northeastern University (USA). He is a lecturer at Collegio Carlo Alberto (Italy), visiting scientist at Aalto University (Finland), member of the Complex System and the Network Science Societies, and an editorial board member of the journal of Advances in Complex Systems (Word Scientific). His research interest falls within Human Dynamics, Computational Social Science, and Data Science, especially focusing on heterogeneous temporal dynamics, spatial and temporal networks, and social contagion phenomena. His main expertise are in analysing large human interaction datasets and in the development of data-driven models of various social phenomena. Hang-Hyun Jo is currently a Junior Research Group Leader/Professor at Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics (Republic of Korea). He received his MSc (2001) and PhD (2006) in Statistical Physics at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. He has previously been a Research Fellow at Korea institute for Advanced Study, a Postdoctoral Researcher at Aalto university (Finland), and a Research Professor at Pohang University of Science and Technology (Republic of Korea). He was awarded Yong-Bong Prize by The Korean Physical Society in 2017 as his achievements in statistical physics were recognized. His research interests cover various topics in statistical physics, complex systems, and computational social science, including complex networks and bursty dynamics. Kimmo Kaski , is Full Professor of Computational Science at Aalto University School of Science (Finland), Supernumerary Fellow of Wolfson College of Oxford University and Associate Fellow of Said Business School of Oxford University (UK), and External Faculty member of Complexity Science Hub Vienna (Austria). He received his MSc in Electrical Engineering at Helsinki University of Technology and obtained his D.Phil. degree in Theoretical Physics at University of Oxford. He has been as Academy Professor of
Solid state physics is a fascinating sub-genre of condensed matter physics - though some graduate students consider it a very boring and tedious subject area in Physics and others even call it a squalid state. Topics covered in this book are built on standard solid state physics references available in most online libraries or in other books on solid state physics. The complexity of high speed semiconductor physics and related devices arose from condensed solid state matter. The content covered in this book gives a deep coverage on some topics or sections that may be covered only superficially in other literature. Therefore, these topics are likely to differ a great deal from what is deemed important elsewhere in other books or available literature. There are many extremely good books on solid-state physics and condensed matter physics but very few of these books are restricted to high speed semiconductor physic though. Chapter one covers the general semiconductor qualities that make high speed semiconductor devices effect and includes the theory of crystals, diffusion and ist mechanisms, while chapter two covers solid state materials, material processing for high speed semiconductor devices and an introduction to quantum theory for materials in relation to density of states of the radiation for a black body and ist radiation properties. Chapter three discuss high speed semiconductor energy band theory, energy bands in general solid semiconductor materials, the Debye model, the Einstein model the Debye model and semiconductor transport carriers in 3D semiconductors while chapter four discuss effect of external force on current flow based on the concept of holes valence band, and lattice scattering in high speed devices. Chapter five briefly describes solid state thermoelectric fundamentals, thermoelectric material and thermoelectric theory of solids in lattice and phonons while chapter six scattering in high field effect in semiconductors in inter-valley electron scattering and the associated Fermi Dirac statistics and Maxwell-Boltzmann approximation on their carrier concentration variation with energy in extrinsic doping chapter seven covers p-n junction diodes, varactor diode, pin diode Schottky diode and their transient response of diode in multi-valley semiconductors. Chapter eight discusses high speed metal semiconductor field effect transistors. Cliff Orori Mosiori was born in Bong'onta Location, Kisii County, Kenya in 17 May 1973, to Kisii parents, Mr and Mrs. Mosiori Maigo Ontiri and Ebisiba Nyaboke Mosiorigrew up at Bong'onta Sub-location, Kisii County and currently lives in Nakuru town, Nakuru County from 2005. For eleven years he taught at St. Pauls Nyacheki high school in Nyamache District, Kisii county and later at Menengai Hill Secondary School, Nakuru North district before joining Rift Valley Institute of Science and Technology (RVIST) as a senior lecturer in Electronics and Elctronic Engineering. He also serves as a visiting lecturer to Kenyatta University at the Department of Physics, Nairobi and Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega County, Kenya. His first book entitled,Characterization of CdZn and PbS thin films for Photovoltaics, was first published in 2013 by Lambart Academic Publishing, Germany. In 2014, he published other books entitled as follows Electrical and Optical Characterization of Cdxzn1-XS and PBS Thin Films for Photovoltaic Applications; Digital Electronics; Optical Coating; Physics of Thermal Phenomena; Thin Film Device Physics For Solar Cell Applications: The Basics of Solar Cells; with Lambart Academic Publishing, Germany. An Insight Into Teacher Education Program in Kenya Before the Devolved Government Structure and Fabrication of a Solar Cell from Thin Films Using Solution Techinique with Grinn Academic Publiching Company. In 2015, he has also published a book with Anchor Academic Publishing Company in Germany entitled Inorganic Ternary Thin films Anaysis of Optical Properties and he is currently about to submitt another book on thin films. He is specialised in Solid State Physics specifically materials for thin films fabrication, analysis and characterization for optical devices and a consultant in thin films materials for solar energy.